Over two-thirds of incinerators not complying with limits

15.9.2004 - Prague

ARNIKA suggests stricter measures for treatment of ashes – the final place for most of dioxins

More than two-thirds of Czech waste incinerators were unable to fulfill E.U. limits for toxic chemicals, as proved by measurements of exhalations made in 2002 and 2003. Large part of the incinerators has not been able to comply with the E.U. requirements till today so that some of them were forced to quit their operation, others just interrupted work and built new filters for pollutants or the equipment for continual measurement of the pollutants.

The most common reason for not having fulfilled the limits was exceeding emission concentrations of dioxins. By the end of 2003, two cement works did not comply with the limit 0,1 ng TEQ/m3 dioxins, together with 14 hazardous waste incinerators and 10 medical waste incinerators. The second largest problem are the limits for emissions of hydrogen chloride (in 16 cases) and for emissions of heavy metals of the second and third group (in 15 cases). Parliamentary deputies of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) legalized contamination of atmosphere by dioxins because of the waste incinerators two years ago even though it was in contradiction with the European legislation.

Association ARNIKA has made a top-ten list of 10 worst incinerators or cement works which burn waste. The order was made with the respect to quantity of released dioxins. In 2002, the worst 3 plants were cement works Radotín, Čížkovice and Prachovice. In 2003, first 3 ranks of the list were occupied by hazardous waste incinerators: Synthesia Pardubice, ČKD-DIZ Prague 9 and KOH-I-NOOR České Budějovice. As for the highest single concentrations of dioxins in 2002: incinerator in Benešov (in the Hospital of Rudolph and Stephanie), KOH-I-NOOR České Budějovice and in University Hospital in Hradec Králové. In 2003: incinerator ICN in Roztoky u Prahy, KOH-I-NOOR České Budějovice and ČKD-DIZ in Prague 9. According to the available information, the last 3 listed plants ended their work.

Waste incinerators belong to the most significant sources of dioxins in environment.  Beside the exhalations, much higher quantity of dioxins ends in ashes where their concentrations are not permanently observed. The ashes also often travel through the Czech Republic uncontrolled. That is why ARNIKA will push on stricter treatment of ashes in the National Implementation Plan of the Stockholm Convention. It is also one of points required in the Petition Toxic Free Future II. which already has more than 1,500 signatories.

Most of dioxins end in the ashes but our-of-date incinerators also release them to atmosphere in high concentrations. Big differences among particular measurements in incinerators show that individual measurements cannot record real dioxin emissions. „Concentrations are very low in case of individually made measurement. But when samples have been taken continually as required by Belgian laws, average emissions are 30 to 50 times higher and annual difference achieves grams of dioxins, which is very much when we talk about POPs,“ said Jindřich Petrlík, head of ARNIKA´s program Toxics and Waste. As he added, only the individual measurement is taken into account in the Czech Republic, but only a small number of incinerators would fulfill the limits if continual measurement was taken into respect.

Dioxins are extremely poisonous pollutants created in the process of incinerating the waste with the content of chlorinated chemicals or as by-products in chemical production of chlorinated chemicals (for example in production of pesticides or during chlorine bleaching paper). They are dangerous even in trace quantities and accumulate in human body. Dioxins damage hormonal and immunity systems of humans and animals.


Top-ten of the worst incinerators in respect to dioxin concentrations in smoke gases in 2002 (the limit is 0,1 ng TEQ/m3)

Town/city    Incinerator    Date of measurement    Dioxins in ng TEQ/m3
1.    Benešov u Prahy    Hospital of Rudolph and Stephanie    1.10.2002    16,055
2.x    České Budějovice    KOH-I-NOOR HARDMUTH,a.s.    16-17.5. 2002    11,6
3.    Hradec Králové    University Hospital    30.9.2002    8,982
4.    Trutnov    Town Hospital Trutnov    24.6.2002    8,4
5.    Prague 5 – Motol    University Hospital Motol    11.6.2002    7,156
x    České Budějovice    KOH-I-NOOR HARDMUTH,a.s.    15.-16.10 2002    6,9
6.    Znojmo    Regional Hospital Znojmo    19.3.2002    5,39
7.x    Prague 8    Public Health Service Bulovka    9.1.2002    4,35
8.    Vyškov    EKOTERMEX (MP 150)    3.-4.6. 2002    4,31
Prague 5 – Motol    University Hospital Motol    7.10.2002    2,75
Hradec Králové    University Hospital    19.12.2002    2,68
9.    Plzeň    Incinerator Spalovna Plzeň, s. r. o.    3.12.2002    2,559
10.    Strakonice    Rumpold    5.12.2002    2,398

Top-ten of the worst incinerators in respect to dioxin concentrations in smoke gases in 2003 (the limit is 0,1 ng TEQ/m3)

Town/city    Incinerator    Date of measurement    Dioxins in ng TEQ/m3
1.x    Roztoky u Prahy    ICN Czech Republic    13.1.2003    8,593
2.x    České Budějovice    KOH-I-NOOR HARDMUTH,a.s.    9.10.2003    8,2
3.x    Prague 9 – Vysočany    ČKD PRAGUE DIZ    1.7.2003    5,241
x    České Budějovice    KOH-I-NOOR HARDMUTH,a.s.    4.6.2003    5,1
4.    Trutnov    Town Hospital Trutnov    24.4.2003    4,534
5.    Prague 5 – Motol    University Hospital Motol    14.-15.7.2003    4,393
6.    Kolín    LZ-DRASLOVKA    16.12.2003    4,385
7.    Plzeň    Incinerator Spalovna Plzeň Ltd.    17.12.2003    2,841
8.    Vyškov    EKOTERMEX (Hoval)    13.11.2003    2,5
9.    Nový Jičín    VOP 025 Nový Jičín    9.9.2003    2,378
10.    Olomouc    SITA     25.11.2003    1,903


Top-ten of the worst incinerators in respect to concentrations of mercury in smoke gases in 2002 (limit is 0.1 for hazardous waste incinerators, 0.08 for municipal waste incinerator and 0.05 mg/m3 for cement works)


Town/city    Incinerator    Date of measurement    Mercury in mg/m3
1.    Strakonice    Rumpold    4.12.2002    0,186
2.    Ostrava    ECOTECHNIEK -EAST Ltd. (SITA)    4.-5.6. 2002    0,151
3.    Ústí nad Labem    DEKONTA     14.-15.11. 2002    0,0277
4.    Mokrá    Cement works Mokrá    28.-29.5. 2002    0,01788
5.    Prague 5- Radotín    cement works Českomoravský cement    24.-27.9. 2002    0,0148
Prague 5- Radotín    cement works Českomoravský cement     24.-27.9. 2002    0,0148
6.    Luže    Medical Institution Hamzova     14.6.2002    0,00718
7.    Kolín    MOGUL SERVIS    18.-19.7. 2002    0,004
8.    Ústí nad Labem    Spolchemie department Epitetra    19.-20.12. 2002    0,003
9.    Králův Dvůr    cement works Českomoravský cement     4.-5.9.2002    0,0029
10.    Břeclav    Town Hospital Břeclav    17.12.2002    0,00254


Top-ten of the worst incinerators in respect to mercury concentrations in smoke gases in 2003 (limit is 0.1 for hazardous waste incinerators, 0.08 for municipal waste incinerator and 0.05 mg/m3 for cement works)

Town/city    Incinerator    Date of measurement    Mercury in mg/m3
1.    Vyškov    EKOTERMEX    20.5.2003    0,139
2.    Olomouc    SITA Moravia    25.11.2003    0,1
3.    Hranice    Cement Hranice    25.-26.11.2003    0,0475
4.x    České Budějovice    KOH-I-NOOR HARDMUNTH,a.s.    4.6.2003    0,046
5.    Ústí nad Labem    DEKONTA     2.6.2003    0,043
6.    Ústí nad Orlicí    Hospital    10.7.2003    0,04
7.    Benešov u Prahy    Hospital of Rudolph and Stephanie    23.5.2003    0,0378
8.x    Roztoky u Prahy    ICN Czech Republic    13.1.2003    0,0343
9.    Kolín    MOGUL SERVIS    24.6.2003    0,033
10.    Znojmo    Hospital Znojmo    25.2.2003    0,03


Top-ten of the worst incinerators in respect to hydrogen chloride concentrations (HCl) in smoke gases in 2002 (limit is 10 mg/m3 for hazardous waste incinerators and 30 mg/m3 for municipal waste incinerators)

Town/city    Incinerator    Date of measurement    HCl v mg/m3
1.    Valašské Meziříčí    DEZA    26.-27.6. 2002    24,7
2.    Vyškov    EKOTERMEX (MP 150)    3.-4.6. 2002    22
3.x    Prague 4    IKEM    18.11.2002    21,84
4.    Hradec Králové    University Hospital    30.9.2002    16,3
5.    Vyškov    EKOTERMEX    5.6.2002    15
6.    Plzeň    Incinerator Spalovna Plzeň Ltd.    2.12.2002    13,3
7.    Prague 5 – Motol    University Hospital in Motol    7.10.2002    12,7
8.    Strakonice    Rumpold    4.12.2002    12,1
9.    Trutnov    Hospital Trutnov    22.3.2002    10
10.   Brno – Líšeň    SAKO BRNO    25. -27.9. 2002    9,2

13 worst incinerators in respect to hydrogen chloride concentrations (HCl) in smoke gases in 2003 (limit is 10 mg/m3 for hazardous waste incinerators and 30 mg/m3 for municipal waste incinerators). Limits for the hydrogen chloride were exceeded in all plants.


Town/city    Incinerator    Date of measurement    HCl v mg/m3
1.x    Roztoky u Prahy    ICN Czech Republic    13.1.2003    573,1
2.    Luže    Medical Institution Hamzova     20.11.2003    29,59
3.    Prostějov    MEGAWEST -EKOTERM Ltd.    30.12.2003    29,2
4.    Pardubice    Hospital Pardubice    17.7.2003    25
5.    Olomouc    SITA Moravia     25.11.2003    24
6.    Hradec Králové    University Hospital    14.8.2003    23,3
7.    Nový Jičín    VOP 025 Nový Jičín    9.9.2003    21,56
8.    Liberec    Hospital Liberec    27.11.2003    17,6
9.    Prague 5 – Motol    University Hospital Motol    14.-15.7.2003    15,4
Liberec    Hospital Liberec    26.6.2003    14,4
10.    Zlín    EMSEKO Ltd.    22.5.2003    14,2
11.    Znojmo    Hospital Znojmo    25.2.2003    14
12.    Plzeň    Incinerator Spalovna Plzeň Ltd.    17.12.2003    13,1
13.x    Jihlava    MOTORPAL Jihlava    25.6.2003    12

Plants marked with x ended their work.

 


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