Air Pollution in Zaporizhia

20.10.2017 - Zaporizhia

Zaporizhia has been one of the largest industrial centers of Ukraine since the beginning of the Soviet Union. Thanks to the available reserves of coal, iron ore and manganese, engineering, heavy industry, metallurgy, the chemical industry, automobile production and aircraft engines are concentrated here.

 

Residents of Zaporizhia have long complained about the high concentration of plants located directly in the city. Plant are technically obsolete, they mostly come from the 1930s and cause massive air pollution. As a cumulative effect, the main highway also runs through the center. The data monitoring and publishing system appears to be inadequate for a long time: there are only 5 measuring stations in the city at locations not at the highest levels of pollution. The industrial part of Zaporizhia is located in the northeast of the city, a residential area in the south. Soviet engineers did not consider the direction of the wind and therefore bring the Northeast Winds regularly harmful substances directly into the residential areas.

In October 2015, a successful demonstration of the Zaporizhian residents took place to improve the air in the city. Since 2017, the Ekozaporozhie coalition has been operating in the city, which is engaged in promoting independent pollution monitoring and environmental education.

The main sources of air pollution in Zaporizhia:

Укрграфит /Ukrainsky Grafit

Ukrainian graphite producer, founded in 1933. Until 1994, Dnepropetrovsk elektrotechnny plant / Dneprovskij elektronyi zavod.

Запорожский завод ферросплавов/Zaporozhskyy Zavod Ferrosplavov/Zaporozhye Ferroalloy Plant

The main products of the plant are various ferroalloys: ferrosilicomanganese, ferrosilicon, ferromanganese, manganese metal. Moreover the plant produces metallurgical lime, sells ferro alloy slags, which are used predominantly in construction and building. Construction of the plant started in 1931.

Запорожкокс /Zaporozhkoks

Zaporizhkoks is one of the largest coke chemical plants in Ukraine, constructed in 1934 and privatized in 1995. In August 1997 the plant was included in the list of enterprises of strategic importance for the economy and security of Ukraine. In 2013, the plant produced 1.15 million tonnes of coke. In January-May 2015 the plant reduced production, during this period it was produced 430 thousand tons of coke. 51% of shares of PJSC Zaporozhkoks belongs to the group "Metinvest" and 42% of Zaporizhstal. On March 16, 2017, an explosion occurred at the plant, which killed 4 people.

Днепроспецсталь /Dneprospecstal/JSC Electrometallurgical Works Dneprospetsstal named after A. N. Kuzmin

Manufacturer of special stainless steel founded as a state-run enterprise in 1932. Now it's a publicly traded company which manufactures and sells metal products of stainless, tool, high-speed (including those produced by the PM-method), bearing, structural, alloyed and carbon steel grades.

Запорожсталь /Zaporozhstal

Constructed in 1933 Zaporizhstal is Ukraine's fourth-largest steel maker. A Ukrainian holding company Metinvest became full owner in 2013. The largest shareholder of the plant is Rinat Akhmetov. In 2015, The company has made 3.81 million tonnes of cast iron, 3.98 million tonnes of steel, 3.35 million tonnes of rolled steel. Acording to the company, since 2012, Zaporozhstal directed more than 8.5 billion hryvnias for eco-modernization and became the most invested object in Ukraine.

Титано-магниевый комбинат /Titano - magilevyi kombinat

The company under the name "Dneprovsky Magnesium Plant" was founded in 1935 and was the first industrial producer of magnesium in the USSR. Nowadays it's the only manufacturer of sponge titanium in Europe. The main products of the plant: titanium spongy, titanium tetrachloride purified, castings titanium shaped, titanium ingots, ferrotitanium, slag titanium.

Абразивный комбинат /Abrazivnyi kombinat

Мотор Сич /Motor Sich

 

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