Armenia is mainly concerned with air pollution, and its northern province of Lori is the worst in numbers. According to Minister Grigoryan, one of the main reasons is insufficient environmental fees, which nowadays do not motivate the companies to reduce the amount of emitted substances.
"The problem was also the lack of a proper monitoring system," adds Nikol Krejcova, coordinator of the Armenian project. Since this year, all mining companies are required to publish emission data every three months. In the Alaverdi Copper Smelting Plant, there is continuous monitoring installed. These data are publicly available on the website of the Ministry of Nature Protection in order to contribute to public participation in decision-making.
However, to an extent, these figures are not reliable at this time. The Armenian government has recently asked its German counterpart for a mobile monitoring system to check the reported data. At the same time, the Ministry hopes for financial support from the European Union.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, Armenia, together with Bosnia and Herzegovina, is ranked fifth on the scale of pollution mortality rates per number of inhabitants. The government's eminent interest is, therefore, an analysis of the impact of pollution on human health, Minister Grigoryan said at a meeting, eagerly anticipating the analysis results. The soil and sediment samples are now being examined in the laboratory of the University of Chemical Technology in Prague. The findings will be known in October.
The mediator of the meeting was Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Czech Republic in Armenia, Petr Mikyska, together with his deputy, Jan Plešinger. The "Civil Society in the Decision-Making of Raw Materials in Armenia" project is supported by the Transition Promotion Program of the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs. According to Erik Grigoryan, drought projects are welcomed, and he also appreciated the involvement of local organizations, Armenian Women for Health and Healthy Environment, NGO and the informational portal, Ecolur, which "contribute to increasing the effectiveness of the sectorial policy," the Ministry stated in an online press release.