After more than 300 days of fighting, activists from the village Kruščica reached one of their long-time goals. The cantonal tribunal in Novi Travnik issued a decision cancelling the environmental permits for two hydroelectric power plants projected in the Kruščica River, making a start of construction works on the two planned dams illegal.
People potentially affected by the dams were not appropriately informed of the construction and therefore could not attend the public hearing held on this matter, the verdict claims. They were not even informed about the outcomes of the hearing. This violation of public participation in decision-making is the reason for cancelling necessary permits.
“The court's decision is groundbreaking. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country with a low level of law enforcement, particularly related to the environmental rights and public participation in decision making, therefore, halting the construction project because of a failure of an investor to organise a public hearing is uncommon. This verdict shall serve as a judicial precedent in similar cases and motivate other local communities to fight against illegal dams construction in the country,” says Martin Skalský, Arnika’s expert on public participation.
The fight must go on
As thrilling as this news for the local people is, they will not be abandoning the riverbank anytime soon. “Kruščica’s men and women have been squatting on the bridge over the river for almost a year and they plan to continue in their protest and keep protecting the river, for the final chapter of this story has not been written yet. Only then, when the stream is definitely free for danger, their watch be over,” describes Arnika’s coordinator of local campaigns Zuzana Vachůnová.
Local people worry that the investor will try to obtain the needed permits again, or may even try to start the construction without necessary documents, as the ability of the state authorities to intervene against illegal activities is limited. With that in mind, they now aim for cancellation of concessions for the HPPs, issued by the government of Republika Srpska (the administrative unit of Bosnia and Herzegovina), and for withdrawal of the projects from the spatial plan of the municipality. From this perspective, they have a long way to go. However, on August 2, Kruščica celebrated 365 days of an active river defending.
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