Regulation of air pollution in Ukraine and the EU

Since gaining independence in 1991, Ukraine made significant progress in its environmental management and governance. The country developed a wide regulatory and legal base for environmental legislation; became signatory to major international and regional environmental agreements; established the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources and a number of agencies and institutions to manage and enforce environmental protection. Still, the environmental governance system in Ukraine has inherited a certain legacy from Soviet times and faces a number of challenges.

According to the Association Agreement Ukraine is obliged to implement a number of EU Directives in the field of environmental protection, including the Directive 2010/75/EC on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control). The process foresees legislative (in particular the development and adoption of BAT and general norms of application), technical (definition of facilities requiring integrated permit, creation of a pollutant register, etc.), organizational and informational (in particular public access to information and participation in decision-making) changes. This study compares law, policy and practice of industrial pollution regulation in Ukraine and in European Union.

Lead author, editor: Šárka Havránková

Co-authors and contributors: Alena Miskun, Tamara Kharchylava, Milan Havel, Jan Nezhyba, Martin Skalský

Photos: Stanislav Krupař

Graphic design: Jakub Němeček,

Publication date: 2019

This report was prepared within the project “Stop Poisoning Ukraine: Coalition for Clean Air”, a joint activity of the non-governmental organizations Arnika – Citizens Support Centre from the Czech Republic and Ecoaction from Ukraine, sponsored by the Transition Promotion Programme of the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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